The report focuses on what the directive is referred to as “territorial gangs”.
Translated from page 3 of A national overview of criminal networks with great influence in the local community published by:
In Sweden, there are currently 55 geographical areas where local criminal networks is considered to have negative impact on the local community. The areas are spread across 22 cities – from major cities to smaller towns and considered socio-economically disadvantaged. The big criminals the impact on the local community appears to be linked to the social context of the area applicants rather than on the willingness of criminals to gain power and control over local society.
The criminal actors in the fields do not appear to be part of structured gangs, but rather in
loosely connected networks with broad support in the youth environment. They are generally considered have low strategic capability. There are some exceptions in metropolitan areas, where a few networks are described as more structured and considered to possess a higher strategic advantages capacity.
The actors can be roughly divided into a younger and an older layers that partly tied together of kinship. The younger ones are usually loosely connected criminal networks centered around a few key people. Their crime is less complex and consists often drug sales to addiction stage, thefts and burglaries in the neighborhood. The older people are more structured and is involved in more organized crime such as advanced thefts and organization of drug supply to the areas.
Frequently crime among local criminals in the areas include open-Pen drug trafficking, criminal dealings that manifests itself in serious violence on public place, various forms of extortion and unlawful influence and acting out dissatisfaction with society. All of the above expressions manifests publicly critical Minell power and is a reminder of what the criminal actors are capable of. The along with active pressure on the local community in the form of threats, våldshandling-s and extortion assumed to be the basis for the fear police believe exist in the local society. Fear manifests itself in that it is difficult to get people to attend, litigation then against local criminals.
Development in the regions has led to difficulties in investigating crimes. Police have also in other respects difficult to work in these areas, including due to the environment
reacts against the police at the intervention or by attacking police vehicles.
Police difficulties to curb the above problems can be a contributing factor to the public in several cases, understands that it is the criminals who control the area procedures. Such a view may be contested Police’s role as guarantor of security, and term reduces the public’s inclination to turn to the police. The situation in these circumstances Councils are worrying and have in many cases led to police not been able to fulfill its task.